Ancient History

Roman History of Stanwix

It is believed that the City of Carlisle has its origins around the year AD 82, which makes it officially one of Britain’s oldest cities. The Cumbria Park Hotel is situated in the “village” of Stanwix, which although cannot claim to be quite as old as the 1st Century, there is no doubt that not many years later a Roman Fort was established in this area.

Many archaeological “digs” within our district have revealed foundations which extend to some 9 acres, roughly within a perimeter bounded by Mulcaster Crescent (the road at the side of the hotel), Kell’s Place, Well Lane to Brampton Road, and thence along to the tennis courts, with Church Street as the cross street of the Fort.

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Peek at the Past


The historic Roman city of Carlisle – The Great Border City – is a bustling centre with a strong identity and an uncompromising motto in its Coat of Arms – “Be Just and Fear Not”. It enjoys excellent road links with three M6 junctions (42, 43 and 44) as well as being a main station on the West Coast Main Rail Line. Carlisle’s pedestrianised city centre contains an award winning shopping precinct and a wide range of shops, pubs, restaurants and night-clubs.

CARLISLE’S exact early history is unknown but by 79 AD the conquering Roman Army established the garrison town of Luguvalium, where the city now stands. From here Hadrian’s Wall was constructed – Britain’s most spectacular memorial to the Roman Empire.

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Our Little Bit of History

Stanwix, the area in which the Cumbria Park now sits was originally known as the ‘Petriana’ which was the largest Roman fort on Hadrians wall.  The fort is understood to have been established to guard the Eden bridgehead and watch the important western route to and from Scotland.

“It is believed that the City of Carlisle had its origins around the year AD82 which makes it one of Britains oldest cities”
Because of the size of the fort, it is agreed to have housed a Calvary regiment, one thousand strong.  This was almost certainly the ‘Ala’ Petriana, the sole regiment of this size on the wall.  This was a distinguished auxiliary regiment, whose soldiers had been made Roman citizens for valor on the field of battle.

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Hotel Cumbria Park 2


Modern History

It was in January 1967 that we purchased the end Victorian town house, No2 Mulcaster Crescent, which cornered on to Scotland Road for £4,100.00.  This was converted into a small guest house with 5 guest bedrooms and opened in June 1967, when you could get bed and breakfast for 21 shillings per night.

It was a humble beginning, plastic sauce bottles were used on the tables, nylon sheets (1 pair per bed) 6d (old pence) in the slot for the television.  Tea (from a large pot) and biscuits were served in the lounge at 9pm each evening.

In 1974 No 32 Scotland Road was purchased for £10,700.00, later that same year No 30 was bought for £9,100.00.  On 23rd May 1975, we had opened with 17 rooms, after converting Mulcaster Crescent into 10 bedrooms, then in 1978 No 28 Scotland Road was bought for £12,500.00, giving an extra 10 bedrooms.

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