Roman History of Stanwix
It is believed that the City of Carlisle has its origins around the year AD 82, which makes it officially one of Britain’s oldest cities. The Cumbria Park Hotel is situated in the “village” of Stanwix, which although cannot claim to be quite as old as the 1st Century, there is no doubt that not many years later a Roman Fort was established in this area.
Many archaeological “digs” within our district have revealed foundations which extend to some 9 acres, roughly within a perimeter bounded by Mulcaster Crescent (the road at the side of the hotel), Kell’s Place, Well Lane to Brampton Road, and thence along to the tennis courts, with Church Street as the cross street of the Fort.
Our Little Bit of History
Stanwix, the area in which the Cumbria Park now sits was originally known as the ‘Petriana’ which was the largest Roman fort on Hadrians wall. The fort is understood to have been established to guard the Eden bridgehead and watch the important western route to and from Scotland.
“It is believed that the City of Carlisle had its origins around the year AD82 which makes it one of Britains oldest cities”
Because of the size of the fort, it is agreed to have housed a Calvary regiment, one thousand strong. This was almost certainly the ‘Ala’ Petriana, the sole regiment of this size on the wall. This was a distinguished auxiliary regiment, whose soldiers had been made Roman citizens for valor on the field of battle.